Figure 3: This 1820 oil painting by Matthew Birch shows the Philadelphia waterfront looking south from the Penn Treaty Tree. In the foreground is a shipyard. In the shipyard workers perform several of the tasks related to shipbuilding. The nearest group of workers shapes timber with hand tools. In the near distance behind them other workers steam bend timber in a furnace. In the far distance in another shipyard a ship lays on its side awaiting repair.
This painting is in the collection at HSP and reproduced by permission.